So and Such

So and Such

“So ve such” niteledikleri kelimelere “çok” anlamı verir. Türkçe'ye ayrıca "o kadar ....... ki" şeklinde de aktarılır.

► “So” dan sonra sadece sıfat ve zarf gelebilir. 

Examples;

- Your house is so beautiful  (Senin evin çok güzel.) - Bu cümlede so'dan sonra sıfat gelmiştir.

- I'm waiting him so patiently  (Onu sabırla bekliyorum.) - Bu cümlede so'dan sonra zarf gelmiştir.

- She is so beautiful that everybody wants to marry her. (O kadar güzel ki, herkes onunla evlenmek istiyor.)

- He has so many books that he can't remember how many. (O kadar çok kitabı var ki sayısını hatırlayamıyor. )

- The problem was so difficult that we couldn't solve it.  (Problem o kadar zordu ki çözemedik.)


► “such” tan sonra sadece sıfat tamlaması (sıfat + isim) gelir.

Examples;

 - That's such a boring film  (O kadar sıkıcı bir film ki.)  

- They are such clever students (O kadar zeki öğrenciler ki) 

- He gave such a wonderful speech that we were surprised. (O kadar güzel bir konuşma yaptı ki hepimiz şaşırdık.)

- It was such a nice weather that we all went out. (Hava o kadar güzeldi ki, hepimiz dışarı çıktık.)

- Your brother is such a sweet boy that I miss him. (Kardeşin o kadar tatlı bir çocuk ki, onu özlüyorum.)


► Duruma gore so ve such şaşırma ifadesi olarak da kullanılabilirler.

Examples;

- Fenerbahçe has won the match. I didn't expect them to play so well. (Fenerbahçe son maçı kazandı. Bu kadar iyi oynamalarını beklemiyordum.)

- Why did you wait  for him such a long time. (Onu neden bu kadar uzun süre bekledin?)

SO AND SUCH

 

- Such is a determiner; so is an adverb. They often have the same meaning of ‘very’ or ‘to this degree’:

I have such good friends.

My friends are so good.

 

- We use such + noun phrase and so + adjective or adverb phrase

My mum is such a good cook. (Right)
My mum is so great
cook. (Wrong)

That was so kind. (Right)
That was such kind (Wrong)

Why do you drive so fast? (Right)
Why do you drive such fast? (Wrong)

 

so + adjective such + noun phrase
You are so nice. You are such a nice person.
It is so hot. Nigeria is such a hot country

 

USE OF SO AND SUCH

 

► So + Adjective

- When we want to show extremes in exclamations, we can use "so" combined with adjectives. 

The girl is so tall! Her head touches the ceiling when she is standing.

I was so surprised! I even thought I was in a dream for a moment.

 

- We use "that" in the sentence to show extremes with a certain result. 

The weather is so cold that I can't even get out of the house.

The party was so crowded that we couldn't even move in the hall. 

 

 

► So + Adverb

- We can also use "so" with adverbs to show extreme actions in exclamations. 

The new player played so well! The audience clapped him at the end of the match.

Jane spoke so slowly! It took an hour to finish the seminar.

 

- When there is a certain result, we can use "that" in the sentence. 

The president spoke so quickly that no one could understand him.

Our teacher danced so well that everybody gathered around him to watch closely.

  

 

► So + Many / Few + Plural Noun

- We can use "so" with "many" or "few" and a plural noun to show extremes in amount. 

I couldn't imagine you would send so many flowers for my birthday. 

There are so few books in your bookcase. Don't you like reading?

 

- We can use "that" in the sentence to show the results.

My brother has so many friends that he doesn't spend alone even a moment. 

There are so few cafes in the city that we need to travel at least an hour to get to one. 

 

 

► So + Much / Little + Uncountable Noun

- We can use "so" with "much" or "little" and a uncountable noun to show extremes in amount. 

Pop stars earn so much money! Sometimes I wish I were a pop star.

There is so little milk left in the fridge. We need to get some when we go shopping. 

 

- We can use "that" in the sentence to show the results.

- There was so much noise in the room that I had to leave.

- There is so little food in Africa that hundreds of people are dying of hunger each day.  

 


► Such (a/n) + Adjective + Noun

- We can use "such" together with an adjective and a noun to show extremes. 

Jane is driving such an expensive car

Dutch girls have such beautiful eyes!

 

- We can use "that" in the sentence to show the results.

The new student is such a noisy boy that teachers are always angry with him.

My cousin is such a tall girl that she was offered a job as a model. 

 

 

OTHER USES OF SO AND SUCH

 

► Such and such

This is generally used to talk about e person who doesn't need to be specified. 

People who work in such-and-such jobs tend to die early.

If you do such-and-such a job, you will earn a lot of money.

 

► "This type of" or "That type of"

Such can be used with the meaning of "this type of..." or "that type of..." in some sentences. Look at the examples below;

You shouldn't have made such mistakes in the first year of your marriage. (that type of mistakes)

I have never seen such homework before. (this type of homework) 

Bu Dersleri Gördünüz mü?

İngilizce eğitimi alanında Türkiye’nin en zengin kaynağını sunan dersimizingilizce.com, İngilizce öğrenen ve öğreten binlerce kişiye hizmet sunuyor. Sitede Türkçe anlatımlı gramer konuları, her konudan sonra onlarca quiz ve sınav, her seviyeden aktiviteli okuma parçaları, dinleme aktiviteleri, yazma aktiviteleri, YDS, KPDS, LGS, TOEFL ve TOEIC gibi sınavlara hazırlık ve deneme sınavları, dünyanın en etkili kelime öğrenme sistemi olan wordpower ile her seviyeden kelime öğrenme programı, sınavlara hazırlananlar için sınav kelimeleri öğrenim programı, İngilizce kurslar, online eğitim ile ilgili makaleler, yurt dışı eğitim bilgileri sunuyor. Sitede ayrıca öğrenciler için İngilizce ödevler ve yardımcı kaynaklar var.