Irregular Verbs (Düzensiz Fiiller Listesi)

Irregular Verbs (Düzensiz Fiiller Listesi)

DÜZENSİZ FİİLLER LİSTESİ

 

Base Form Past Simple (V2) Past Participle (V3)
arise arose arisen
awake awoke awoken
be was/were been
bear bore born(e)
beat beat beaten
become became become
begin began begun
bend bent bent
bet bet bet
bind bound bound
bite bit bitten
bleed bled bled
blow blew blown
break broke broken
breed bred bred
bring brought brought
broadcast broadcast broadcast
build built built
burn burnt/burned burnt/burned
burst burst burst
buy bought bought
can could … (been able)
catch caught caught
choose chose chosen
cling clung clung
come came come
cost cost cost
creep crept crept
cut cut cut
deal dealt dealt
dig dug dug
do did done
draw drew drawn
dream dreamt/dreamed dreamt/dreamed
drink drank drunk
drive drove driven
eat ate eaten
fall fell fallen
feed fed fed
feel felt felt
fight fought fought
find found found
fly flew flown
forbid forbade forbidden
forget forgot forgotten
forgive forgave forgiven
freeze froze frozen
get got got
give gave given
go went gone
grind ground ground
grow grew grown
hang hung hung
have had had
hear heard heard
hide hid hidden
hit hit hit
hold held held
hurt hurt hurt
keep kept kept
kneel knelt knelt
know knew known
lay laid laid
lead led led
lean leant/leaned leant/leaned
learn learnt/learned learnt/learned
leave left left
lent lent lent
lie (in bed) lay lain
lie (not truth) lied lied
light lit/lighted lit/lighted
lose lost lost
make made made
may might
mean meant meant
meet met met
mow mowed mown/mowed
must had to
overtake overtook overtaken
pay paid paid
put put put
read read read
ride rode ridden
ring rang rung
rise rose risen
run ran run
saw sawed sawn/sawed
say said said
see saw seen
sell sold sold
send sent sent
set set set
sew sewed sewn/sewed
shake shook shaken
shall should
shed shed shed
shine shone shone
shoot shot shot
show showed shown
shrink shrank shrunk
shut shut shut
sing sang sung
sink sank sunk
sit sat sat
sleep slept slept
slide slid slid
smell smelt smelt
sow sowed sown/sowed
speak spoke spoken
spell spelt/spelled spelt/spelled
spend spent spent
spill spilt/spilled spilt/spilled
spit spat spat
spread spread spread
stand stood stood
steal stole stolen
stick stuck stuck
sting stung stung
stink stank stunk
strike struck struck
swear swore sworn
sweep swept swept
swell swelled swollen/swelled
swim swam swum
swing swung swung
take took taken
teach taught taught
tear tore torn
tell told told
think thought thought
throw threw thrown
understand understood understood
wake woke woken
wear wore worn
weep wept wept
will would
win won won
wind wound wound
write wrote written

IRREGULAR VERBS LIST

 

Base Form Past Simple (V2) Past Participle (V3)
arise arose arisen
awake awoke awoken
be was/were been
bear bore born(e)
beat beat beaten
become became become
begin began begun
bend bent bent
bet bet bet
bind bound bound
bite bit bitten
bleed bled bled
blow blew blown
break broke broken
breed bred bred
bring brought brought
broadcast broadcast broadcast
build built built
burn burnt/burned burnt/burned
burst burst burst
buy bought bought
can could … (been able)
catch caught caught
choose chose chosen
cling clung clung
come came come
cost cost cost
creep crept crept
cut cut cut
deal dealt dealt
dig dug dug
do did done
draw drew drawn
dream dreamt/dreamed dreamt/dreamed
drink drank drunk
drive drove driven
eat ate eaten
fall fell fallen
feed fed fed
feel felt felt
fight fought fought
find found found
fly flew flown
forbid forbade forbidden
forget forgot forgotten
forgive forgave forgiven
freeze froze frozen
get got got
give gave given
go went gone
grind ground ground
grow grew grown
hang hung hung
have had had
hear heard heard
hide hid hidden
hit hit hit
hold held held
hurt hurt hurt
keep kept kept
kneel knelt knelt
know knew known
lay laid laid
lead led led
lean leant/leaned leant/leaned
learn learnt/learned learnt/learned
leave left left
lent lent lent
lie (in bed) lay lain
lie (not truth) lied lied
light lit/lighted lit/lighted
lose lost lost
make made made
may might
mean meant meant
meet met met
mow mowed mown/mowed
must had to
overtake overtook overtaken
pay paid paid
put put put
read read read
ride rode ridden
ring rang rung
rise rose risen
run ran run
saw sawed sawn/sawed
say said said
see saw seen
sell sold sold
send sent sent
set set set
sew sewed sewn/sewed
shake shook shaken
shall should
shed shed shed
shine shone shone
shoot shot shot
show showed shown
shrink shrank shrunk
shut shut shut
sing sang sung
sink sank sunk
sit sat sat
sleep slept slept
slide slid slid
smell smelt smelt
sow sowed sown/sowed
speak spoke spoken
spell spelt/spelled spelt/spelled
spend spent spent
spill spilt/spilled spilt/spilled
spit spat spat
spread spread spread
stand stood stood
steal stole stolen
stick stuck stuck
sting stung stung
stink stank stunk
strike struck struck
swear swore sworn
sweep swept swept
swell swelled swollen/swelled
swim swam swum
swing swung swung
take took taken
teach taught taught
tear tore torn
tell told told
think thought thought
throw threw thrown
understand understood understood
wake woke woken
wear wore worn
weep wept wept
will would
win won won
wind wound wound
write wrote written

Bu Dersleri Gördünüz mü?

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Regular/Irregular Verbs (Düzenli/Düzensiz Fiiller)

Regular/Irregular Verbs (Düzenli/Düzensiz Fiiller)

İngilizce'deki fiiller düzenli ve düzensiz olarak ikiye ayrılır. Aralarındaki fark fiilin yapısıyla ilgilidir. Düzenli fiiler geçmiş zamanda yani Simple Past Tense ile kullanıldığında sonuna -ed takısı alır. Düzensiz fiiller ise isminden de anlaşılacağı gibi belirli bir kurala bağlı olmadan geçmiş zamanda kullanılırken değişikliğe uğrar. Bu fiilleri öğrenmek için bir sistem olmadığından ezberlemek gerekir.  


► Düzenli Fiiller

Düzenli fiillerin ikinci ve üçüncü hallerini yaparken, fiilin sonuna -ed takısı eklenir. 

Walk – walked – walked
Work - worked - worked
Dance - danced - danced 
Paint – painted – painted


► Düzensiz Fiiller

Düzensiz fiiller üç farklı şekilde ikinci ve üçüncü halini alırlar.  

 

1- Bazı fiillerin üç hali de aynı kalır.   

Örnekput – put – put

 

2- Bazı fiillerin ikinci ve üçüncü halleri aynıdır. Sadece yalın hali farklıdır. 

Örneksit – sat – sat

 

3- Bazı fiillerinse üç hali de birbirinden farklıdır. 

Örnek; drink – drank – drunk


► Hem düzenli hem de düzensiz olan fiiller

Bazı fiiller hem düzenli hem de düzensiz olarak değişebilirler. Her iki biçimi de doğrudur ve ikisi de kullanılabilir. 

Burn – burnt – burnt (düzensiz)
Burn – burned – burned (düzenli)

Lean – lent – lent (düzenli)
Lean – leaned – leaned (düzensiz)

Learn – learnt – learnt (düzenli)
Learn – learned – learned (düzensiz)


IRREGULAR VERBS LIST

 

BASE FORM OF VERB PAST SIMPLE (V2) PAST PARTICIPLE (V3)
be (is, am,are) was, were been
beat beat beaten
become became become
begin began begun
bend bent bent
bet bet bet
bid bid bid
bite bit bitten
blow blew blown
break broke broken
bring brought brought
build built built
burn burned/burnt burned/burnt
buy bought bought
catch caught caught
choose chose chosen
come came come
cost cost cost
cut cut cut
dig dug dug
dive dove dived
do did done
draw drew drawn
dream dreamed/dreamt dreamed/dreamt
drive drove driven
drink drank drunk
eat ate eaten
fall fell fallen
feel felt felt
fight fought fought
find found found
fly flew flown
forget forgot forgotten
forgive forgave forgiven
freeze froze frozen
get got gotten
give gave given
go went gone
grow grew grown
hang hung hung
have had had
hear heard heard
hide hid hidden
hit hit hit
hold held held
hurt hurt hurt
keep kept kept
know knew known
lay laid laid
lead led led
leave left left
lend lent lent
let let let
lie lay lain
lose lost lost
make made made
mean meant meant
meet met met
pay paid paid
put put put
read read read
ride rode ridden
ring rang rung
rise rose risen
run ran run
say said said
see saw seen
sell sold sold
send sent sent
show showed shown
shut shut shut
sing sang sung
sit sat sat
sleep slept slept
speak spoke spoken
spend spent spent
stand stood stood
swim swam swum
take took taken
teach taught taught
tear tore torn
tell told told
think thought thought
throw threw thrown
understand understood understood
wake woke woken
wear wore worn
win won won
write wrote written

We use verbs in different forms to show tense, mood, number (singular or plural), and person (first person, second person, or third person). Verbs in English are divided into two main categories;

- Regular verbs
- Irregular verbs 


REGULAR VERBS

Many English verbs are regular and they form their different tenses according to an established pattern. Look at the examples below;

- I showed him my new car.

- They all laughed at my joke. 

- I wanted to become a doctor when I was a kid. 

► Irregular Verbs in Present Simple Tense

In the present simple tense, the basic form of a regular verb only changes in the 3rd person singular, as follows:

- Most verbs just add -s to the basic form.

take - takes
look - looks

- With verbs that end with a vowel other than e, we add "-es"

go - goes
do-does

- With verbs that end with -s, -z, -ch, -sh, and -x, we add "-es"

kiss - kisses
punch - punches
wash - washes

- If the verb ends in a consonant plus -y, we change the "y" to an "i" before adding "-esx" 

hurry - hurries
clarify - clarifies

- But if the verb ends in a vowel plus "-y", we just add "-s"

play - plays
enjoy - enjoys


► Irregular Verbs in Past Tense

While forming the past simple tense of regular verbs, we use the same form for the first, second, and third persons, singular and plural.

- If the basic form of the verb ends in a consonant or a vowel other than "e," add the letters "-ed" to the end

seem - seemed
laugh - laughed
look - looked

- For verbs that end in "-e", add "-d"

love - loved
hope - hoped

- When the verb ends in a consonant plus "-y", we change the "y" to an "i" before adding -"ed"

hurry - hurried
clarify - clarified

- But if the verb ends in a vowel plus "-y", just add "-ed"

play - played
enjoy - enjoyed


► Irregular Verbs and Past Participle

While forming the past participle of regular verbs, we follow the same rules as for the past simple tense.


► Irregular Verbs and Present Participle

- When the basic form of the verb ends in a consonant or a vowel other than "e", we add the ending "-ing"

laugh - laughing 
boo - booing

- When the verb ends in "e", we drop the "e" before adding "-ing"

love - loving
hope - hoping

- When the basic form ends in "y", we just add "-ing" 

hurry - hurrying 
clarify - clarifying


IRREGULAR VERBS 

There are many irregular verbs that don’t follow the normal rules. So we can't write any specific rule for the change of the verb. You should read and learn them. Below is a table of some of the most common irregular verbs:


BASE FORM OF VERB PAST SIMPLE (V2) PAST PARTICIPLE (V3)
be (is, am,are) was, were been
beat beat beaten
become became become
begin began begun
bend bent bent
bet bet bet
bid bid bid
bite bit bitten
blow blew blown
break broke broken
bring brought brought
build built built
burn burned/burnt burned/burnt
buy bought bought
catch caught caught
choose chose chosen
come came come
cost cost cost
cut cut cut
dig dug dug
dive dove dived
do did done
draw drew drawn
dream dreamed/dreamt dreamed/dreamt
drive drove driven
drink drank drunk
eat ate eaten
fall fell fallen
feel felt felt
fight fought fought
find found found
fly flew flown
forget forgot forgotten
forgive forgave forgiven
freeze froze frozen
get got gotten
give gave given
go went gone
grow grew grown
hang hung hung
have had had
hear heard heard
hide hid hidden
hit hit hit
hold held held
hurt hurt hurt
keep kept kept
know knew known
lay laid laid
lead led led
leave left left
lend lent lent
let let let
lie lay lain
lose lost lost
make made made
mean meant meant
meet met met
pay paid paid
put put put
read read read
ride rode ridden
ring rang rung
rise rose risen
run ran run
say said said
see saw seen
sell sold sold
send sent sent
show showed shown
shut shut shut
sing sang sung
sit sat sat
sleep slept slept
speak spoke spoken
spend spent spent
stand stood stood
swim swam swum
take took taken
teach taught taught
tear tore torn
tell told told
think thought thought
throw threw thrown
understand understood understood
wake woke woken
wear wore worn
win won won
write wrote written

Bu Dersleri Gördünüz mü?

İngilizce eğitimi alanında Türkiye’nin en zengin kaynağını sunan dersimizingilizce.com, İngilizce öğrenen ve öğreten binlerce kişiye hizmet sunuyor. Sitede Türkçe anlatımlı gramer konuları, her konudan sonra onlarca quiz ve sınav, her seviyeden aktiviteli okuma parçaları, dinleme aktiviteleri, yazma aktiviteleri, YDS, KPDS, LGS, TOEFL ve TOEIC gibi sınavlara hazırlık ve deneme sınavları, dünyanın en etkili kelime öğrenme sistemi olan wordpower ile her seviyeden kelime öğrenme programı, sınavlara hazırlananlar için sınav kelimeleri öğrenim programı, İngilizce kurslar, online eğitim ile ilgili makaleler, yurt dışı eğitim bilgileri sunuyor. Sitede ayrıca öğrenciler için İngilizce ödevler ve yardımcı kaynaklar var.